Biotechnology is one of the most broader areas of biology that involves human systems and other living organisms.
As a field that is developing so quickly and involved in the ethical concepts of life, it is necessary to estimate the benefits of biotechnology in human life.
Biotechnology is a vast field of biology that exploits natural biological processes in an organism to utilize the full potential of an organism.
Biotechnology is used to develop a new variant of products that will benefit humankind or society.
Biotechnological processes are mainly carried out on micro-organisms such as bacteria and fungi, plants, and domestic animals that we use for different purposes.
Biotechnology in the 21st century flourished and developed to an incredible level. The main objective of biotechnology is to benefit society by accomplishing the gigantic demands of human essentials.
In this article, I am going to share the impacts of biotechnology on society and various important benefits of biotechnology in human life.
Positive Impacts of Biotechnology On Society:
Biotechnology is playing a significant role that can never be ignored in the improvement of society. The overwhelming knowledge combo of natural science and technology has made it able to achieve certain landmarks in different fields.
TOP 7 benefits of biotechnology in human life 2021
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For now, I will discuss the top 7 benefits and effects of biotechnology in human life. Let’s dive into some positive impacts of technology on society.
benefits of biotechnology in agriculture (Crop Improvement):
Biotechnology is playing a very vital role in the improvement of crop production for the rapidly growing population. It has greatly helped the conventional methods of plant breeding.
Plant breeding generally required a very long time to improve the quality of a crop regarding yield and other agronomic traits.
Biotechnology helped a lot in shortening this long time frame by introducing new methods such as marker-assisted selection (MAS), and direct, indirect gene transformation methods via gene gun or other micro-organisms.
The long period of breeding where it would generally take many years to get the required blend of parental characters is now replaced by biotechnology.
With the help of biotechnology, we can now precisely isolate the gene and directly insert it into the target plant.
Biotechnology uses numerous sources and procedures like chemical bombardment, lipofection for crop improvement.
The bioagents transfer the desired genes to the targeted crop variety to bear ideal results. Biotech plants are genetically modified that have unique characters.
Their genetic material is modified in such a way that these characters are heritable and transferable to the next subsequent generations.
The benefit of Biotechnology in livestock production:
Livestock is an important source of protein and vitamins needed to maintain good health. Not only meat but other benefits that we get from it. That includes eggs, milk, leather, etc.
These items are important for the production of many consumable food items in the food and leather industry which have no other sources than livestock. So it is obvious that with an increase in population their demand is going to rise more.
Biotechnology is incorporated in livestock improvement such as chicken, goat, buffalo, etc breeding to full fill the demand for meat globally.
In live sock and animal breeding biotechnology is playing a role that if a layman hears will stop dead in tracks.
It is a technique that is used to introduce the sperms from a male superior breed with known genetic potential into the female without mating.
This technology helped in animal breeding and reduced the risk of diseases that can be transferred as the result of mating. This technique has more numerous benefits and applications in animal breeding.
It is another incredible technology that is used when animal breeding encounter complexities.
In this technique, the fertilization of sperm and egg from male and female takes place outside the female body in in-vitro lab conditions.
This technique is used when there is a fear of disease in the embryo or insufficient semen. It is mainly used for research purposes for the production of superior breeds.
Biotechnology is Cleaning our Environment:
The impact of biotechnology on the environment we live in is highly admirable. It is playing a very crucial role in cleaning the environment.
It is proving to be a very powerful knowledge in reducing the environmental hazards caused by human activities.
As environmental pollution due to a high population is known to trouble all the nations across the globe. Environmental biotechnology is having solutions for these troubles and can be dealt with effectively using this knowledge.
The environment can be cleaned off using microorganisms. As humans on large scale produce solid waste material that has different kinds of hazardous items too.
Bacteria and microorganisms degrade these items naturally when disposed of are covered with the soil.
Scientists can know what kind of bacteria degrade hazardous items quickly. They can culture them in the lab and pour in the land where waste is disposed of.
Composting is another method in which micro-organisms convert organic waste matter such as farm manure into a valuable product for soil regarding crop production.
This technique is highly used in farming to increase organic compounds in soil. Through bioremediation, the bacteria can degrade those toxic chemicals that humans transmitted to the environment.
Like chemical sprays on crops, nuclear reactors, and other toxics. Biotechnology is very useful in treating cleaning such hazardous and threatening things from the environment.
role of biotechnology in health care:
Health care is a crucial sector and requires a high level of attention. Without a good health care system, there is no success for any society. Biotechnology in the health care system is providing some mega benefits for maintaining a good health care system.
First of all, it is fighting malnutrition which is one of the major problems in poor and developing countries.
Through biotechnology crops are being developed that are having the required amount of nutrients. It is fulfilling the nutritional requirements by introducing maize, rice, wheat, and many vegetable GMOs.
In public health, it is providing solutions for diagnosing many lethal diseases by running the sample of DNA in the PCR machine.
The DNA sequence is analyzed and the disease is diagnosed by the identification of DNA diseases causing pathogens. Timely diagnosis can reduce the fatality rate of disease.
Recombinant therapeutic proteins and vaccines are developed through biotechnology. In many cases, bioagents are used as vectors to transmit the cure for the disease and the production of antibodies.
We can say that biotechnology is one of the causes that increased the life expectancy of human beings.
benefits of biotechnology in Industries:
One of the best impacts of biotechnology on society is that it is now being extensively used in industries. Many commonly used items come to our hands through a biotechnological process.
- Alcohol is mainly made by using biotechnology. Microorganisms are the main worker in the industrial production of microorganisms.
- Biofuels are derived from corn, sugar cane and other oilseed crops that also uses the rule of fermentation similar to alcohol.
- The pharmaceutical industry is also using the application of biotechnology in the production of medicines on a large scale.
- Bioplastics being used as a container and food packaging are commercially produced by the use of biotechnology.
No doubt biotechnology is playing an important role in the various benefits of biotechnology in human life 2021. In global hunger and malnutrition, the applications of biotechnology are being used and its performance is remarkable.
Use the comment section to share your feedback about the top 7 benefits of biotechnology in human life 2021. I will be sharing more about biotechnology in my upcoming articles. Keep reading and learning with Tech Baji.